Study Notes: Group E, age 12 and 13
Stories of Prophets: Adam(A), Nuh(A), Ibrahim (A), Musa (A) and Muhammad (S)
Study the Stories of Prophets: Adam(A), Nuh(A), Ibrahim (A) and Muhammad (S)
For example question about Adam (A), Nuh (A), Ibrahim (A) and Muhammad (S) see study note for Group A, B, C and D
Question to be answered about the Prophet Musa (A)
Who was Musa (A)?
A descendant of Prophet Yusuf (A), a member of Bani Israel
Where and to whom was he born?
He was born to the Bani Israel, who worked as a of kind of servants for the Egyptians
Where did he grow up?
Musa (A) grew up in the house of his enemy, the house of Pharaoh.
What kind of man was the Pharaoh?
Pharaoh was cruel and arrogant, he believed himself to be a god on earth.
Was Pharaoh’s wife the same?
No, Pharaoh’s wife was a believer, she rejected Pharaoh ways when Musa (A) returned as a Prophet.
What caused Musa (A) to leave his homeland?
Musa (A) killed an Egyptian accidently in a fight, and he feared for his life. So, he left his homeland.
Where did he go?
He across Sinai into Madyan.
What did he do in Madyan?
Musa (A) got married, settled and lived the life of a shepherd in Madyan.
What happened after Musa (A) had been there for a few years?
Musa (A) was appointed by Allah as a messenger.
How did Allah call Musa (A) to His service?
Allah called Musa (A) from a burning bush on mount Sinai.
What did Allah ordered Musa (A) to do?
Allah ordered Musa (A) to go to Pharaoh and ask him to acknowledge that Allah held all the true power and also released Bani Israel from slavery.
How did Allah help Musa (A) in his task?
Musa’s (A) brother Haroon (A) was sent with him, as Haroon (A) was an eloquent speaker, Allah also gave some miracles to Musa (A).
What miracles were given to Musa (A)?
Prophet Musa (A) has nine, most famous, known miracles. Sura Al-Isra 101
The staff he was holding in his hand turning into a big snake,
His hand becoming white and shining brightly (the white hand),
The miracle of locust disaster,
Hordes of frogs infesting Egypt,
Water turning to blood,
In Tih desert, twelve fountains squirting out of the rock as he struck the rock with his staff,
The children of Israel passing through the sea by the parting of the sea.
Mount Sinai being picked up from its place and raised above the children of Israel
Of course, the miracles of Moses are not restricted to those only. He has some other miracles, too. However, those are the miracles that became famous.
What happened when Pharaoh brought together his magicians?
They realized that Musa (A) was not working illusions like them, he had behind him a greater power, and they told Pharaoh that they believed in the Lord of Musa (A).
Was Pharaoh happy with this?
No. He turned to more cruel ways, he threatened to kill and imprison those who believed Musa (A).
Who was Qarun?
One of the children of Israel but he had chosen to become close to Pharaoh, he was greedy and Pharaoh had fed that greed making him wealthy. Qarun mocked Musa (A) and refused to give zakat, refused to help the needy and poor.
What did Allah do to Qarun?
The earth opened up and swallowed him and his treasures and he was as though he had never been!!
What about Pharaoh wife Queen Aisha and the others in his household?
Queen Aisha was a believer, so were many in Pharaoh household.
When Allah destroyed Qarun did Pharaoh finally submit to Allahs will?
No, skill called himself god.
What punishment from Allah then followed?
The plagues, Nile waters were reduced, then they flooded, flies and locusts destroyed crops, millions of lice, plague of frogs, Nile water turned red.
When Bani Israel were led away by Musa (A) and they came to the Red Sea what did they think was going to happen?
They accused Musa (A) of leading them to danger or worse, they did not have faith.
Did Allah favour them as they went across the desert? Across Sinai?
Yes. Manna, a kind of food from heaven!
Were Bani Israel now strong in faith? Were they grateful to Allah?
No. they wanted a variety of food!
What more Bani Israel did to show their ungratefulness?
They made the golden cow and start to worship that cow.
Where Musa (A) was at this time when Bani Israel start worshiping the golden cow?
Musa (A) was up the mountain for 40 days at Allahs command, Haroon (A)was left in charge but unable to steer the people away from the false god
Did Musa (A) see Allah at this time?
No, he asked but was told, if the Mountain could bear the sight of Allah then Musa (A) could, but the mountain turned to dust and Musa (A) fainted!
What happened when Musa (A) returned to Bani Israel after 40 days?
Musa (A) was furious with Haroon (A) for allowing this to happen, but when he learnt that his brother had told the people to be patient and show gratitude and that Allah was testing them , he grew calm. He knew his brother was a believer.
What happened to Bani Israel now?
They were left to wander in the desert as a punishment for 40 years.
After the 40-year punishment did the Israelites finally find the Promised land, and what did they do?
Yes, they were brought by Musa (A) to Palestine but they feared that giants lived there! They whined and moaned and would not enter to Palestine as they were afraid for their lives. So, Allah punished them again with another 40 years of homeless life,
Could Israelites finally enter Palestine?
Yes but without Musa (A), who had already passed away.
Study of the Quran and Hadith
Study of the Quran
Memorize the last 15 Surahs of the Quran. Go to Al-Quran Recitation and Study Center
Study Surah 21. Al-Anbiyaa, Ayat 51-75: The Quranic narration of Ibrahim’s (A) smashing the idols, What was the motivation for Ibrahim’s actions and the stupidity of the people.
Study Surah 6. Al-An’am, Ayat 75-79: What did Ibrahim (A) say to himself that night when he saw a shining star? What did he say when he saw the moon? The sun? How Ibrahim (A) could realized the oneness of Allah.
Study: Surah 14. Ibrahim, Ayat 35-41 & Surah 2. Al-Baqara, Ayat 124-130 : Prayer of Ibrahim (A)
Study: Surah 4. An-Nisaa, Ayat 125: Allah called Ibrahim (A) as ‘Friend of Allah’
Study of Hadith
The Prophet said,
“Once the Prophet Musa (A) stood up and addressed Bani Israel. He was asked, “Who is the most learned man amongst the people. He said, “I am the most learned.” Allah admonished Musa (A) as he did not attribute absolute knowledge to Him (Allah). So, Allah inspired to him “At the junction of the two seas there is a slave amongst my slaves who is more learned than you.”
Musa (A) said, “O my Lord! How can I meet him?” Allah said: Take a fish in a large basket (and proceed) and you will find him at the place where you will lose the fish. So, Musa (A) set out along with his (servant) boy, Yusha’ bin Nuin and carried a fish in a large basket till they reached a rock, where they laid their heads (i.e. lay down) and slept. The fish came out of the basket and it took its way into the sea as in a tunnel. So, it was an amazing thing for both Musa (A) and his (servant) boy. They proceeded for the rest of that night and the following day. When the day broke,
Musa (A) said to his (servant) boy: “Bring us our early meal. No doubt, we have suffered much fatigue in this journey.” Musa (A) did not get tired till he passed the place about which he was told. There the (servant) boy told Musa (A), “Do you remember when we betook ourselves to the rock, I indeed forgot the fish.”
Musa (A) remarked, “That is what we have been seeking. So, they went back retracing their footsteps, till they reached the rock. There they saw a man covered with a garment (or covering himself with his own garment).
Musa (A) greeted him. Al-Khadir replied saying, “How do people greet each other in your land?”
Musa (A) said, “I am Musa (A).”
He asked, “The Musa (A) of Bani Israel?”
Musa (A) replied in the affirmative and added, “May I follow you so that you teach me of that knowledge which you have been taught.”
Al-Khadir replied, “Verily! You will not be able to remain patient with me, O Musa (A)! I have some of the knowledge of Allah which He has taught me and which you do not know, while you have some knowledge which Allah has taught you which I do not know.”
Musa (A) said, “Allah willing, you will find me patient and I will not disobey you in aught. So both of them set out walking along the seashore, as they did not have a boat. In the meantime, a boat passed by them and they requested the crew of the boat to take them on board. The crew recognized Al-Khadir and took them on board without fare. Then a sparrow came and stood on the edge of the boat and dipped its beak once or twice in the sea. Al-Khadir said: “O Musa (A)! My knowledge and your knowledge have not decreased Allah’s knowledge except as much as this sparrow has decreased the water of the sea with its beak.” Al-Khadir went to one of the planks of the boat and plucked it out.
Musa (A) said, “These people gave us a free lift but you have broken their boat and scuttled it so as to drown its people.”
Al-Khadir replied, “Didn’t I tell you that you will not be able to remain patient with me.”
Musa (A) said, “Call me not to account for what I forgot.” The first (excuse) of Musa (A) was that he had forgotten.
Then they proceeded further and found a boy playing with other boys. Al-Khadir took hold of the boy’s head from the top and plucked it out with his hands (i.e. killed him).
Musa (A) said, “Have you killed an innocent soul who has killed none.”
Al-Khadir replied, “Did I not tell you that you cannot remain patient with me?”
Then they both proceeded till when they came to the people of a town, they asked them for food, but they refused to entertain them. Then they found there a wall on the point of collapsing. Al-Khadir repaired it with his own hands. Musa (A) said, “If you had wished, surely you could have taken wages for it.”
Al-Khadir replied, “This is the parting between you and me.” The Prophet added,
“May Allah be Merciful to Musa (A)! Would that he could have been more patient to learn more about his story with Al-Khadir. “
Narrated Ubai bin Kab (R) / Sahih Al Bukhari volume 1 number 124
Basic of Islam
Five pillars of Islam
•Ash-Shahadah (The Declaration of faith)
•As Salah(Five compulsory daily prayers)
•Az Zakah (Welfare contribution)
•As-Sawm (Fasting during Ramadan)
•Al-Hajj (Pilgrimage to Makkah)
The first pillar of Islam is Shahadah, which is about belief in Tawhid and Risalah of Muhammad (S).
The other four pillars are the main duties in Islam, called Ibadah. Ibadah includes any activity which is done to please Allah. Salah, Zakah, Sawm and Hajj are the main four forms of worship or Ibadah. If we perform those regularly and correctly we come closer to Allah. Those are like a training program for a Muslim to shape life around.
• The meaning and significance of Kalima Taiyibah, Tawhid and Risalah
• The timings of five daily prayers: What are the times when we should not pray?
• What is the importance of Taharah (cleanliness) and Niyah (intention) for Salah.
• Significance of Salah: ‘Our salah is the first thing we will be asked about when we die and stand’- explain in relation to the benefits of Salah.
• Lessons of Salah
• Meanings of Tasbih (uttering) which are recited in Ruku and Sujud
• Meanings of Qibla, Qiyam, Ruku, Sujud, Tayammum
• Meaning of the word Zakah
• Which people are helped by Zakah
• Importance of Zakah in context of social welfare
• Good qualities developed by Sawm
• Morals and social lessons of Sawm
• Why Lailatul Qadr is an important night
• What is Hajj? What Hajj teaches us?
• Hajj is called the Annual International Muslim. Assembly- explain
What were the common things the Prophets did?
- All of the Prophets preached the message of God. They preached peace and justice. While preaching the message of God, the Prophets were tortured, betrayed and ignored by the disbelievers. However, the good people of their time followed the Prophets with heart and soul.
- The Prophets gathered the good people and taught them how to obey and worship God.
What do you know about the Books of Allah?
- Allah has taught us how to live, to obey and worship Him. This guidance was given through Prophets in the form of revelations. The revelations given to the Prophets have always guided mankind.
- The revelation given to prophet Muhammad (S) is called the Quran.
- A Muslim believes in all revealed Books. They are the Tawrat (Torah) to Musa (Moses); Jabur (Psalms) to Dawud (David); the Injil (Gospel) to Isa (Jesus) and the Quran to Muhammad (S). The Quran also mentions Suhuf-i-Ibrahim (Scrolls of Abraham).
- But the Books given to the Prophets before Muhammad (S) were not fully preserved, some were lost or they were changed by the people. Allah’s words were mixed with man’s ideas.
Which book of Allah do Muslims follow?
Muslims follow the Quran. The words of the Quran are fully preserved in its original form. Not a single word of it has been changed or lost. It is found today exactly as it was revealed to the Prophet Muhammad (S). A Muslim believes in all the Books of Allah, but as the earlier Books are lost or have been changed; a Muslim follows the Quran only.
What were the common things the Prophets did?
What should we do as the followers of Muhammad (s)?
What is modesty? Why is it so important?
What is the importance of helping the poor and needy in Islam?
How should we treat out neighbors?
What is the importance of following the Prophet (S)?
If you really love Prophet (S), what do you have to do?
Group A & B:
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Competition Date: August 24 & 25, 2019
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Verbal Test on 24 and 25 August, 2019
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Verbal test will take 15 to 20 minutes for each participant.
The verbal test is a random set of questions and recitations from the Study Notes (see above)
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Online Quiz on 24 and 25 August, 2019
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