Study Notes: Group D (Age 10 & 11)
Basics of Islam
What is the meaning of Islam?
Islam means obedience. Obedience means to accept, to submit and to follow. Islam therefore, means to submit to Allah and to follow His commands. We can have peace in our lives if we follow the commands of our Creator. So another meaning of Islam is peace. True peace lies only in following Allah’s commands.
Those who follow Islam are called Muslims. Iman means belief or faith.
To be a good Muslim, we must believe in:
- Allah, Angels of Allah (Malaikah),
- Book of Allah (Kitabullah),
- Messengers of Allah (Rasulullah),
- The day of Judgement (Yawmuddin),
- Predestination or Supremacy of divine will (Al-Qadr) and
- Life after Death (Akhirah)
Belief in Allah:
- One, who believes in Allah, believes that: There is no god but Allah. Allah is ONE and ALMIGHTY. There is no one like Allah.
- Allah has no children and no partner.
- Allah has been there from the beginning, and will always be existing.
- Allah will never die. He knows everything.
- Allah sees everything.
- Allah is the creator of the Universe.
- Allah is our Lord.
- Allah is the Greatest and Most Merciful.
- Allah is the Most-Kind and Most-Loving.
- Allah has provided us with everything.
- Allah created us as the best.
- Allah sent prophets to guide us and to tell us how to obey him; how to live like good human beings and be happy and successful.
Belief in Angels of Allah:
- Angels are created by Allah.
- They are Allah’s servants; they obey Allah’s commands and carry out his orders.
- We cannot see them; they do not have a body like us. If Allah wills they can take any shape.
- We know the name of some angels through the Quran and Prophet Muhammad (S). They are: Jibrail (Gabriel), Azrail (Azrael), Israfil, Mikhail (Michael), Ridwan, Munkar and Nakir. Angel Jibrail brought the message of Allah to Prophet Muhammad (S).
Belief in Books of Allah:
- Allah has taught us how to live, to obey and worship Him. This guidance was given through Prophets in the form of revelations.
- The revelations given to the Prophets have always guided mankind. The revelation given to prophet Muhammad (S) is called the Quran. A Muslim believes in all revealed Books. Those are the Tawrat (Torah) to Musa (Moses); Jabur (Psalms) to Dawud (David); the Injil (Gospel) to Isa (Jesus) and the Quran to Muhammad (S). The Quran also mentions Suhuf-i-Ibrahim (Scrolls of Abraham)
- Books given to the Prophets before Muhammad (S) were not fully preserved, some were lost or they were changed by the people. Allah’s words were mixed with man’s ideas.
Belief in the Messengers of Allah:
- Allah sent His guidance through the Prophets. They were men of great virtue and character. Their lives were truly pure and honourable. They are role models for mankind. They taught us how to obey Allah- our Creator.
- None of the Prophets claimed to be God. They themselves obeyed Allah and invited others to obey Him.
- Allah sent prophets to all people at different times. All of the Prophets preached the same message of God. They preached peace and justice.
- While preaching the message of God, the Prophets were tortured, betrayed and ignored by the disbelievers. However, the good people of their time followed the Prophets with heart and soul. The Prophets gathered the good people and taught them how to obey and worship God.
- The Quran mentioned the names of 25 prominent Prophets.
Prophets mentioned in the Quran are also believed to be Prophets by Christians and Jews. Following are the Quranic names and English names (in bracket) of Prophets mentioned in the Quran. Adam; Idris (Enoch); Nuh (Noah);Hud (Heber); Saleh (Shelah); Ibrahim (Abraham); Lut (Lot); Ismail (Ishmael); Ishaq (Isaac); Yaqub (Jacob); Yusuf (Joseph); Ayub (Job); Shoaib (Jethro); Musa (Moses); Harun (Aaron); Dhul-Kifl (possibly Ezekiel or Gautama Buddha); Daud (David); Sulayman (Solomon); Ilyas (Elijah); AlYasa (Elisha); Yunus (Jonah); Zakariya (Zacharias); Yahya (John the Baptist); Isa (Jesus) and Muhammad.
Belief in Life after death:
- Our life in this world is temporary. Everyone has to die. Death is a natural event.
- Muslims believe that Allah will bring an end to this world and extinction of all the creatures of this world. After that all human beings will be given back life to judge the deeds they have done in this present world. This great day is commonly known as Yawm al-Qiyamah (Day of the Raising of the Dead). The Quran has other names of this day. Those are given below:
- Yawm al-Din (Day of Judgment) Yawm al-Taghabun (Day of Loss and Gain) Yawm al-Bath (Day of Resurrection – to bring something to life) Yawm al-Hisab (Day of Reckoning Accountability) Yawm al-Haqqah (The day which is Inevitable)
- In the Day of Judgment every person will be judged by Allah alone based on his or her acts in this world.
- Those who worship Allah and do good deeds in this world will be granted paradise. The Arabic word for paradise is Jannah.
- Those who disobey Allah willingly in this world and do not ask for forgiveness will be punished, the punishment will be hell. The Arabic word for hell is Jahannam.
- This life after death is called Akhirah. Belief in Akhirah has a great impact in the life of a believer. He knows that Allah is watching all his actions and he will have to account for them on the Day of Judgment. His conduct and behaviour will therefore be responsible, controlled and careful.
- To prepare for that day and to be rewarded by our Lord, we need to do all that Allah demands of us and give up all the bad habits and wrong actions. We can do this if we follow the guidance given to our Prophet Muhammad (S) by Allah. This is the safest course for our success in life, both in this world and in the life after death.
Study of the Quran and Hadith
Study of the Quran:
- Memorize last 15 Surahs of the Quran. Go to Al-Quran Recitation and Study Center
- Memorize and study the meaning: Verses 190-194, Surah Al-Imran (Surah 3). CLICK for teachings of those verses.
Study of the Hadith:
Love for Prophet (S): Prophet (S) said: “None of you has faith unless I (Prophet) am dearer to him than his father, and his son and all mankind.” Mentioned in Bukhari
Modesty: Prophet (S) said: “Modesty (Haya) is part of faith.” Mentioned in Bukhari & Muslim
Politeness: Prophet (S) said: “Allah is polite and likes politeness.” Condensed from Muslim
Brotherhood: Prophet (S) said: “Each of you is a mirror of his brother, if you see something wrong in your brother, you must tell him to get rid of it.” –Mentioned Tirmidhi
Gifts: Prophet (S) said: “Give gifts to one another, for gifts takeaway malice.” -Mentioned in Mishkat
Visiting the sick: Prophet (S) said: “Visit the sick, feed the hungry and free the captives.” -Mentioned in Bukhari
Learn about Quran
Muslims follow the Quran. The Quran is the words of Allah. It was revealed to the last Prophet Muhammad (S).
The words of the Quran are fully preserved in its original form. Not a single word of it has been changed or lost. It is found today exactly as it was revealed to the Prophet Muhammad (S).
A Muslim believes in all the Books of Allah, but as the earlier Books are lost or have been changed; a Muslim follows the Quran only.
Allah wants to guide men and women through revelation (wahi). It is the prophets who received the revelations and then they conveyed those to their followers. Revelation is a message and guidance from Allah, the Arabic word for revelation is Wahi. Guidance from Allah is called Hidayah.
Revelations were sent to Prophets in different ways:
- Revelation by inspiration- like a dream: example, Allah guided Prophet Ibrahim (A) to make a sacrifice of his son.
- Revelation by speech (behind the scene): example, Allah spoke to Prophet Musa (A) in the mountain of Torah.
- Revelation through Angel: example, Allah revealed the Quran to Prophet Muhammad (S) through angel Jibrail.
The first revelation of the Quran was 5 verses from Surah al-Alaq. Which are as follows:
“Read in the name of your Lord, Who created man from a clot of blood. Read and your Lord is most Bountiful, Who taught (the use of) the pen, He taught man which he knew not.”
There was no revelation for a certain period of time after the first. The second revelation is the first beginning verses of Surah AlMuddather, which begins as follows-
“ O you, Who is covered in your cloak, arise and warn.”
Some of the earliest Surahs are AlMuzzammil, Al-Fatiha, Al-Takweer, Al-A’laa, Al-Lael, Al-Fazr
The revelation continued till the death of the Prophet (S). It was approximately for 23 years.
One of the last revelations is–
“This day I (Allah) have perfected your religion for you, completed My favor upon you and have chosen for you Islam as your religion.” Surah 5: verse 4.
Names of surahs: Each of the 114 surahs has their own name. Allah and His messenger have given a name to each surah. Usually the surah is named from a word used in that particular surah.
Surahs are sometimes named according to an event or subject mentioned in that specific surah. Examples: Surah Al-Fatiha: the opening, Surah Al-Baqarah: The Cow; Surah Al-Imran: The family of Imran; Surah An-Nisa: The Women; Surah Maidah: The table spread; Surah AnAmm: The cattle.
The Quran contain stories (Qasas, sg. Qissah).
“We do relate unto thee the most beautiful of stories.” 12:3
The Quranic stories are about:
- Prophets of Allah, their people, their message, their call …etc., for example Nuh (A), Musa (A), and Isa (A).
- Past people or events, e.g. the Companions of the cave.
- Events that took place during the lifetime of the Prophet, e.g. battle of Badr.
- The Quran tells us the story of previous nations. It tells us the stories of good people of the past that followed the path of Allah and His prophets. – It also tells us stories of bad people and how Allah punished them in this world.
Some teachings of the Quran are:
- There is only one true God- Allah.
- Everything in this universe belongs to Allah.
- We should worship, obey and serve Allah.
- Allah guides people by sending His Prophets and Messengers, His revelations and Books.
- Muhammad (S) is the last Messenger.
- The Quran is the last book of guidance.
- One day whole world will come to and end. This day is called The Last day.
- After death, all dead will be brought to life. On that day Allah will judge all of the people.
- Good people will be rewarded. They will go to Heaven (Paradise).
- Bad people will be punished. They will be throne to Hell.
The Quran tells us:
- The Quran tell us how to become good men and women.
- The Quran tell us how to obey, worship and serve Allah.
- The Quran tell us how what is the difference between right and wrong.
- The Quran tell us how to do well and give up bad habits
- The Quran tell us how to behave with parents, brothers, friends, and neighbours.
- The Quran tell us how to live pious, happy, peaceful and good life.
- The Quran tell us how everything that is needed for our success in this world and in the Hereafter.
- The Quran tell us stories of the good people of the past who followed the path of Allah and His Prophets.
- It also tells us the stories of bad people and how Allah punished them
General Islamic Knowledge
Learn about Islamic Morals and Etiquettes
- Etiquettes of eating and drinking
- Halal and Haram
- Islamic Greetings
- Obligation to parents
- Respect to others
What is the meaning of the word ‘Quran’?- The meaning of word ‘Quran’ is “the reading” or “that which is to be read”.
What are the other names of Quran, mentioned in Quran itself? -The other names of Quran, mentioned in Quran itself, are:
- Al-Furqan (the Criterion between right and wrong)
- Kitabullah (the Book of Allah)
- Kalamullah (the words of Allah)
- Al-Jibar (the Message of Allah)
What is the first word revealed to Muhammad (S)? – The first word revealed to Muhammad (S) is “Iqra”.
In which month the Quran was revealed? – The Quran was revealed in the month of Ramadan.
In which night the Quran was revealed? – The Quran was revealed in the night of Laillatul Qadr.
How many surahs are in the Quran? – There are 114 surahs in the Quran
What is the largest surah in the Quran? – The largest surah in the Quran is AlBaqara.
Name some surahs named after insect. – Al-Nahl (the bee), Al-Ankabut (the spider) and Al-Naml (the ant). Name some surahs named after animals. – Al-Baqara (the cow), Al-Adiyat (the horse) and Al-Fil (the elephant).
The Quran tells us about some brave young believers who along with a dog slept for several years in a cave. What is the name given to that group of believers? Which surah of the Quran mentioned that incident? – The group of brave young believers who along with a dog slept for several years in a cave is called As-safe Kahaf (the resident of cave). The name of the surah mention the story of As-safe Kahaf is Al-Kahaf (the Cave).
What is the name of the Prophet who was throne in a well by his own brothers? Which surah of the Quran mentioned that incident? -The name of the Prophet who was throne in a well by his own brothers is Yusuf (A). The name of surah mentioning the incident of Yusuf(A) is Al-Yusuf.
What is the name of the first house built to worship Allah? – The first house built to worship Allah is Kaba.
Who first built Kabah? – Prophet Ibrahim (A) first built Kabah.
What is the name of the stone on which Prophet Ibrahim (A) stood while building the Kabah? – The name of the stone on which Prophet Ibrahim (A) stood while building the Kabah is Makame Ibrahim,
What is the name of the son of Prophet Ibrahim (A) who helped him building the Kabah? – The name of the son of Prophet Ibrahim (A) who helped him building the Kabah is Ismail (A).
What is the old name of Makkah? – Bakkah is the old name of Makkah. This is mentioned in the Quran.
What is the old name of Madina? – The old name of Madina is Yasrib.
Who are called Ansar? – The muslim residents of Madina who gave shelter to the people who migrated from Makkah is called Ansar.
Who are called Muhajir? – The group of people who migrated from Makkah is called Muhajir.
Which event marks the beginning of the Islamic Calendar year? – The beginning of the Islamic Calendar year is marked by the event of migration of Muslims from Makkah to Madina.
What is the name of the mosque which Muslims used to face while praying before the Kabah? – Muslims used to face Masjidul Aqsa (while praying) before the Kabah?
What is the name of the fountain beside the Kabah? – The fountain beside the Kabah is Zam zam.
Who gave the advice to introduce Azan for prayer? – Omar (R).
Who is the first person to call Azan? – Bilal (R) is the first person to call Azan.
Name the uncle of Prophet who used to torture him along with his wife, whose name is mentioned in the Quran. – Abu Lahab, uncle of Prophet Muhammad (S), used to torture Muhammad (S).
Name the uncle of the Prophet Muhammad (S) who was Shaheed in the battle of Uhud. – Hamza (R), uncle of the Prophet Muhammad (S), was killed (Shaheed) in the battle of Uhud.
Name the major battles fought by the Prophet against his enemies. – Three major battles fought by the Prophet against his enemies are: the battle of Badr, the battle of Uhad and the battle of trench (Khandaq).
Name the Arabic months. – Names of 12 Arabic months are: Muharram, Safar, Rabiul-Awal, RabiusSani, Jamadiul-Awal, Jamadius-Sani, Rajab, Shaban, Ramadan, Shawal, Jilkadh and Jilhajj.
In which year and month the Prophet conquered Makkah? – Prophet conquered Makkah in the month of Ramadan of 10th Hijra.
What are the names of the two sons of Prophet Muhammad (S) and Khadijah (R) – who died at childhood? – Al-Qasim and Al-Tahir.
What are the names of the four daughters of Prophet Muhammad (S) and Khadijah (R)? – Fatima (R), Zaynab (R), Umm Qulsum (R), Ruqayyah (R).
What is the name of the youngest son of Prophet Muhammad (S) whose mother was Mariam (R)? – Ibrahim (R).
In which Islamic year Hijra did the Prophet performed his last Hajj? – The prophet performed his last Hajj in 10th Hijra.
In which Islamic year Hijra and month the Prophet died? – The Prophet died in the month of Rabyul-Awwal in 10th Hijra.
What is the meaning of the word ‘Masjid”? – The meaning of the arabic word “Masjid” is the place of prostration (sujud).
What is ‘Mehrab’, ‘Minar’ and ‘Mimbar’? The extension of the masjid in front of the place where the imam stands is called Mehrab. The tower of the masjid building is called Minar. The platform from where the imam delivers the speech during friday prayer is called Mimbar.
What is ‘Halal’ and ‘Haram’? – The act or things permissible by Quran and Sunnah is called halal. And the act or things prohibited by the Quran and Sunnah is called Haram.
What is Sunnah? – The life and teachings of the Prophet Muhammad (S) is called Sunnah.
When is the ‘Eid ul Fitr’? – The first day of the month of Shawal in the Islamic calendar is Eid ul Fitr.
When is ‘Eid ul Adha’? – The 10th day of the month jil-Hajj in the Islamic calendar is Eid ul Adha.
What is the meaning of ‘As Salamu Alaikum’? The meaning of Assalamu Alaikum is Peace be upon you.
What is “Janajah”? – The special prayer (salat) for a dead person is called Janajah.
What is the importance of showing respect to others?
Showing respect to others is a means of getting respect from other. Islam teaches us to respect our parents, teachers, relatives and neighbours. We should respect our friends, our younger brothers and sisters.
How should we behave with our parents?
- We should be kind to our parents.
- We should take care of them.
- We should talk to them politely and not be rude or shout at them.
How should we treat our neighbours?
- We should be helpful towards our neighbours.
- We should visit them when they are sick.
- We should be polite with them and not quarrel.
- We should not be jealous of them but should celebrate their happiness.
- We should help them when they are in trouble
How should we be with our friends?
- We should befriend those who have good manners.
- We should help friends whenever they need help.
- We should not abuse our friends.
- We should treat them with good manners and share our knowledge with them.
Do all Surah begin with ‘Bismilla hir rahmanir rahim’? – Only surah At-Tawbah of the Quran does not start with ‘Bismilla hir rahmanir rahim’
Who are called ‘Qari’? – Qari is the one who has learned and mastered perfect recitation of the Quran. Qari means the excellent reader of the Quran.
What is the meaning of ‘Hafiz-UlQuran’? – Whoever has memorized the Quran is called Hafiz-ul-Quran, meaning protector of the Quran.
What are the names of 25 prominent Prophets mentioned in Quran? Adam(A) Idris(A), Nuh(A), Hud(A), Salih(A), Ibrahim(A), Harun(A), Isma’il(A), Ishaq(A), Lut(A), Ya’qub(A), Yusuf(A), Shu’aib(A), Ayyub(A), Musa(A), Dhul-kifl(A), Dawud(A), Sulaiman(A), Ilias(A), Al-Yasa(A), Yunus(A), Zakariyya(A), Yahya(A), Isa(A) & Muhammad (s).
What should we do as the followers of Muhammad (s)? – The Prophet left two things for us, one the Quran and the other his Sunnah. The Quran is the Book of Allah and the Sunnah is the teachings of the Prophet. So, as followers of the prophet we should follow the path of the Quran and the Sunnah. We should preach to others to follow the same way.
Verbal Test on 18 and 19 August, 2018
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Online Quiz on 18 and 19 August, 2018
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Guide for Parents and Teachers
Collect books, workbooks, videos etc related to above subjects.